Automated online liquid chromatographic/mass spectrometric metabolic study for prodrug stability
Fran Lai and Siamak Cyrus Khojasteh-Bakht Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics, Genentech Inc., 1 DNA Way, M/S 70, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA Received 4 June 2004; accepted 13 October 2004. Available online 11 November 2004.
Abstract In vitro metabolic stability studies are performed routinely in drug discovery to determine the rate of metabolism as well as the metabolic fate of compounds. These studies are labor intensive, involving incubation of the compound with a biological matrix, sampling at various time points, stopping the reaction, and sample preparation for analysis. All of these steps involve manual pipetting in the conventional method. An automated method for in vitro metabolism studies is reported here. The method reduces the time and manual labor required and has other advantages, such as better reproducibility and unattended operation. This method utilizes an autosampler custom configured with cooling and incubation capabilities. The PAL is programmed to directly inject incubation samples at set time points onto an online extraction column. The extracted sample then enters an analytical column for separation and ultimately the mass spectrometer for detection. The injection has the dual function of stopping the reaction and starting the analysis on the LC-MS. This method was used for the metabolic stability study of a prodrug in plasma and liver S9 fractions of five different species. The stability data from the automated method were similar to those obtained using the conventional method. The potential for this method to increase throughput of metabolic stability studies in drug discovery is demonstrated.
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LEAP strives to find total solutions for analytical lab automation by automating analytical processes for small and large molecules in extracted liquids, solids, and recently in human, animal and plant tissues. We provide the precise robotics and efficient sample prep required by modern measurement techniques such as MALDITOF mass spectroscopy. Our newest specialty customization of CTC Analytics’ PAL features small workstations that can perform complex liquid handling tasks including HPLC-Purification, SPE, filtration, weighing, heating and stirring. They can be configured as stand alone units or integrated for “just in time” sample prep for LC-MS or GC-MS analysis.
LEAP provides automated workstation instrumentation solutions based on the LEAP CTC PAL X, Y, Z syringe only autosampler robot from LEAP Technologies. This extremely flexible, precise, and adaptable liquid handling robotic platform is available in a variety of lengths and options depending on the requirements of your sample preparation and injections for your UHPLC, LC or GC chromatography.LEAP offers full support and service for the PAL platform in addition to being able to write custom macros, cycles, and scheduling to your applications. Please contact LEAP Technologies on how we can help you get maximized throughput with flexible pipetting automation solutions.
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